Harry Potter and The Cursed Child Trademark Story
Nearly 2 years ago, I spotted that Warner Brothers had applied for a trademark registration for “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child” in the UK – You can check out that post here
That post for picked up globally by all sorts of organisations from MTV to Cosmopolitan to Cinemablend and lots more – You can check that out here
On the back of that, a lot of further questions arose, so I answered as many as I could in a follow up post – See Here
Harry Potter Trademark Search
The result of all the above is that if you Google ‘Harry Potter Trademark‘ here’s what you get:
There I am, little old me, top search result.
Because of this, at least once a week, I get asked something about Harry Potter. Usually, the question is ‘When is The Cursed Child movie being release’. The answer is possibly never (read the previous posts).
Fast Company Harry Potter Article
A few weeks ago, however, I was contacted by a Journalist working for The Fast Company, which I’m a fan of, and which I regularly visit. Nicole LaPorte was interested in doing a piece on control of brands/franchises in Hollywood, and had come across the earlier posts. I rolled up my slieves and dug in. I didn’t (and still haven’t) told Nicole that as soon as you post a big story about Harry Potter, you get non-stop queries from Harry Potter Fans. Sorry Nicole.
Anyway, here’s what I found…(as relayed in email conversations with Nicole):
Harry Potter and the Cursed Child Trademarks – Email 1
Warner Brothers have 469 active registrations containing the word ‘Potter’ – https://www.tmdn.org/tmview/bookmark?s=kqv236iup0fc2lr9tfrqsui91b
JK Rowling holds all these – https://www.tmdn.org/tmview/bookmark?s=9jgmals403agv9gvlqp89dm6ts
Some of the Wizarding World marks are jointly held with Warner. That becomes potentially important later on.
In relation specifically to “The Cursed Child” – JK Rowling owns all of them, but Warner Brothers have applied for “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child” in the UK and US. I knew about those applications (I said it proved I was right about out the likelihood of The Cursed Child being made into a move), but this is where the plot potentially thickens. The US application by Warner Brothers is being refused by the US Patents Office….because of JK Rowling’s existing trademark for ‘The Cursed Child’. That is a little bit surprising. You would have thought that if they were applying they would either file a joint application (as in the Wizarding World registrations), or they would seek to become co-owner or take a licence from JK Rowling directly, right?
OR, when the Patents Office preliminarily refused the Trademark on the basis of confusion with JK Rowling’s mark, you’d imagine Warner Brothers would at least mention you know, that JK Rowling’s cool with it, right? Not so. The USPTO provisionally refused on the basis of likelihood of confusion between the trademarks, and Warner Brother’s response was….
In response to the final office Action dated March 30, 2017, Applicant respectfully submits the following.
The Examining Attorney has rejected Application Serial Number 87/278,316 for the trademark HARRY POTTER AND THE CURSED CHILD for use in connection with goods in classes 8, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 28 and 30 pursuant to Section 2(d) of the Trademark Act.
For the following reasons, Applicant respectfully requests the Examining Attorney’s reconsideration of this basis of rejection.
Applicant, Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., is one of the world’s leading media companies. Through its theatrical, television, video games and consumer products divisions, Applicant is transforming the entertainment landscape on an international basis. The international entertainment landscape has also been transformed by a 14-year-old wizard-in-training named Harry Potter. For some time now, the media has extensively reported the full extent of the Harry Potter phenomena, and to date, eight successful films have been released, with a worldwide total box office revenue of well over $7.7 billion. See Exhibit 1. Representative articles about the popularity of the series are attached as Exhibit 2.
In an attempt to ascertain just how famous the HARRY POTTER trademark is, Applicant performed an Internet search using the GOOGLE search engine. Please note that this search disclosed over 110,000,000 Web hits referencing the HARRY POTTER trademark. Representative listings of these Web site hits are enclosed as Exhibit 3. Further, the HARRY POTTER Facebook Page has over 74 million “likes.” See Exhibit 4.
Finally, Applicant is the owner of over 50 trademark registrations at the USPTO for or containing the famous HARRY POTTER trademark
It’s a curious response. It doesn’t say anything about their entitlement to register it at all. It just says “We’re a big media company. Harry Potter is very popular. We own other Harry Potter trademarks”. The Patents Office was (in my view) never going to allow the registration based on that argument.
Their response also makes absolutely no mention of JK Rowling.
Also, the Logo for the Cursed Child is owned by Harry Potter Theatrical Productions Limited – https://www.tmdn.org/tmview/bookmark?s=1qafjldr13rthc4k41q7u2gc9i
That company is owned by another company BRONTE FILM AND TELEVISION LIMITED in which JK Rowling is the majority owner.
So there you have it.
Harry Potter and the Cursed Child Trademarks – Email 2
It’s a bit complicated, because at the core of this all, Warner owns the trademark “Harry Potter”, that means “Harry Potter – The Cursed Child” can only really exist with the consent of Warner Brothers or some sort of licence from Warner Brothers back to Rowling. It also means (arguably) that they didn’t need to register all their marks such as “Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince”. The Could have just registered “Half Blood Prince” on the basis that they already own “Harry Potter“.
But Warner Brothers owns trademarks for all sorts of Harry Potter stuff, like “Muggles”, “Quidditch” and things like that. I’ll include that in the email tomorrow once I’ve had a bit more of a think about it.
In very basic terms, when you apply for a trademark, you do so in one or more of 45 different classes, under a system called the Nice Classification System. So, for example Computer Programs is Class 9, Clothes is Class 25, Alcoholic Spirits is Class 33 – Generally, when people apply for a trademark, they apply for a VERY broad range of goods and services, most of which they will never use.
If you look at US trademarks for Harry Potter – https://www.tmdn.org/tmview/bookmark?s=7ni4u340qvcpag9lshri79t1nq
Look at the column for Nice Class and you will see it’s really registered in classes 9, 16,20, 21, 25, 28, 30 & 41, just as separate applications. In Europe, it’s all contained in this one application – https://euipo.europa.eu/eSearch/#details/trademarks/001433952
And here’s what they have protection for (for “Harry Potter”):
- 2Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood, colourants, mordants, raw natural resins, metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists; Agglutinants for paints; anti-corrosive bands; badigeon; binding preparations for paints; Canada balsam; fixatives for watercolors; fixatives for watercolors [watercolours]; fixatives for watercolours; glaziers’ putty; oil cement [putty]; protective preparations for metals; siccatives [drying agents] for paints; sumac for varnishes; thickeners for paints; thinners for lacquers; thinners for paints; undercoating for chassis of vehicles; undercoating for vehicle chassis; undersealing for chassis of vehicles; undersealing for vehicle chassis; wallpaper removing preparations.
- 3Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices; Abrasive cloth; abrasive paper; adhesives for affixing false eyelashes; adhesives for affixing false hair; adhesives for cosmetic purposes; alum stones [antiseptic]; antiperspirants [toiletries]; antistatic preparations for household purposes; bath salts, not for medical purposes; cobblers’ wax; cotton sticks for cosmetic purposes; cotton wool for cosmetic purposes; decorative transfers for cosmetic purposes; denture polishes; emery cloth; emery paper; false eyelashes; false nails; fumigation preparations [perfumes]; glass cloth; glass paper; incense; lacquer-removing preparations; mouth washes, not for medical purposes; paint stripping preparations; paper guides for eye make-up; polishing paper; potpourris [fragrances]; pumice stone; sachets for perfuming linen; sandcloth; sandpaper; scented wood; shampoos; shampoos for pets; shaving stones [antiseptic]; shoemakers’ wax; smoothing stones; swabs [toiletries]; tailors’ wax; toiletries; tripoli stone for polishing; varnish-removing preparations.
- 4Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks; Additives, non-chemical, to motor fuel; additives, non-chemical, to motor-fuel; beeswax; belting wax; benzene; benzol; carnauba wax; ceresine; industrial wax; naphta; non-slipping preparations for belts; paper spills for lighting; wax [raw material]; wood spills for lighting; xylene; xylol.
- 5Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides; Adhesives for dentures; air freshening preparations; air purifying preparations; antiparasitic collars for animals; anti-rheumatism bracelets; anti-rheumatism rings; bacteriological culture mediums; blood for medical purposes; blood plasma; bouillons for bacteriological cultures; bracelets for medical purposes; caustic pencils; cedar wood for use as an insect repellent; cement for animal hooves; contact lens cleaning preparations; dental abrasives; dental cements; dental impression materials; dental lacquer; dental mastics; deodorants, other than for personal use; edible plant fibers [fibres] [non-nutritive]; edible plant fibers [non-nutritive]; edible plant fibres [non-nutritive]; first- aid boxes [filled]; fly catching adhesives; fly catching paper; fly glue; fumigating sticks; headache pencils; insect repellents; insecticides; leeches for medical purposes; media for bacteriological cultures; medicine cases [portable] [filled]; milking grease; molding wax for dentists; mordants for seeds; mothproof paper; mothproofing paper; mothproofing preparations; moulding wax for dentists; nutritive substances for microorganisms; porcelain for dental prostheses; repellents for dogs; rubber for dental purposes; semen for artificial insemination; smoking herbs for medical purposes; soil- , sterilising preparations; solutions for contact lenses; solutions for use with contact lenses; solvents for removing adhesive plasters; starch for dietetic or pharmaceutical purposes; tobacco extracts [insecticides]; tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes; diagnostic preparations for medical purposes.
- 6Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores; Gold solder; silver solder.
- 7Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements; incubators for eggs; Adhesive bands for pulleys; alternators; anti-friction bearings for machines; anti-friction pads for machines; anti-pollution devices for motors and engines; aprons [parts of machines]; axles for machines; ball rings for bearings; ball-bearings; bearing brackets for machines; belts for conveyors; bicycle dynamos; blade holders [parts of machines]; blades [parts of machines]; bobbins for weaving loom; bobbins for weaving looms; boiler tubes [parts of machines]; boxes for matrices [printing]; brake linings other than for vehicles; brake segments other than for vehicles; brake shoes other than for vehicles; brushes [parts of machines]; carbon brushes [electricity]; carburetter feeders; carburetters; card clothing [parts of carding machines]; carriage aprons; carriages for knitting machines; cartridges for filtering machines; catalytic converters; chaff cutter blades; chisels for machines; chucks [parts of machines]; clack valves [parts of machines]; condensers [steam] [parts of machines]; control cables for machines, engines or motors; control mechanisms for machines, engines or motors; cowlings [parts of machines]; cylinder heads for engines; cylinders for machines; cylinders for motors and engines; dashpot plungers [parts of machines]; drain cocks; drill chucks [parts of machines]; drilling bits [parts of machines]; drilling heads [parts of machines]; drums [parts of machines]; dynamo belts; dynamo brushes; exhaust manifold for engines; exhausts for motors and engines; expansion tanks [parts of machines]; fan belts for motors and engines; fans for motors and engines; feeders [parts of machines]; feeding apparatus for engine boilers; filters [parts of machines or engines]; filters for cleaning cooling air [for engines]; fittings for engine boilers; flues for engine boilers; freewheels other than for land vehicles; fuel conversion apparatus for internal combustion engines; fuel economisers for motors and engines; glaziers’ diamonds [parts of machines]; glow plugs for Diesel engines; grease boxes [parts of machines]; grease rings [parts of machines]; grindstones [parts of machines]; guards [parts of machines]; guides for machines; hammers [parts of machines]; hangers [parts of machines]; heat exchangers [parts of machines]; holding devices for machine tools; hoods [parts of machines]; housings [parts of machines]; hydraulic controls for machines, motors and engines; igniting devices for internal combustion engines; igniting magnetos; igniting magnetos for engines; injectors for engines; inking apparatus for printing machines; joints [parts of engines]; knives [parts of machines]; knives for mowing machines; lasts for shoes [parts of machines]; loom shafts; lubricators [parts of machines]; machine boiler scale collectors; machine fly-wheels; machine wheels; machine wheelwork; matrices for use in printing; millstones; molds [parts of machines]; moulds [parts of machines]; piston rings; piston segments; pistons [parts of machines or engines]; pistons for cylinders; pistons for engines; plunger pistons; pneumatic controls for machines, motors and engines; pressure reducers [parts of machines]; pressure regulators [parts of machines]; pressure valves [parts of machines]; printing cylinders; printing plates; pump diaphragms; pumps [parts of machines, engines or motors]; punches for punching machines; rack and pinion jacks; radiators [cooling] for motors and engines; rakes for raking machines; reels [parts of machines]; reels for weaving looms; reels, mechanical, for flexible hoses; regulators [parts of machines]; roller bearings; roller bridges; rolling mill cylinders; saw benches [parts of machines]; saw blades [parts of machines]; self-oiling bearings; sharpening wheels [parts of machines]; shock absorber plungers [parts of machines]; shoe lasts [parts of machines]; shuttles [parts of machines]; sieves [machines or parts of machines]; silencers for motors and engines; slide rests [parts of machines]; sliders for knitting machines; slides for knitting machines; sparking plugs for internal combustion engines; speed governors for machines, engines and motors; springs [parts of machines]; stands for machines; starters for motors and engines; stators [parts of machines]; stuffing boxes [parts of machines]; suction cups for milking machines; superchargers; tables for machines; tambours for embroidery machines; taps [parts of machines, engines or motors]; teat cups [suction cups] for milking machines; teat cups for milking machines; tools [parts of machines]; turbocompressors; tympans [parts of printing presses]; vacuum cleaner attachments for disseminating perfumes and disinfectants; vacuum cleaner hoses; valves [parts of machines]; water heaters [parts of machines] \ \.
- 8Hand tools and implements (hand operated); cutlery; side arms; razors; Bits [parts of hand tools]; blades for planes; bludgeons; curling tongs; depilation appliances, electric and non-electric; extension pieces for braces for screw taps; extension pieces for braces for screwtaps; fingernail polishers [electric or non-electric]; frames for handsaws; glaziers’ diamonds [parts of hand tools]; hair clippers for personal use [electric and non-electric]; hollowing bits [parts of hand tools]; knuckle dusters; manicure sets, electric; nail clippers [electric or non-electric]; nail files, electric; punch rings [knuckle dusters]; razor cases; reamer sockets; saw blades [parts of hand tools]; saw holders; scythe rings; shaving cases; shear blades; sugar tongs; sword scabbards; truncheons; tweezers; vegetable choppers.
- 9Scientific, nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire-extinguishing apparatus; motion picture films featuring comedy, drama, action, adventure and/or animation, and motion picture films for broadcast on television featuring comedy, drama, action, adventure and/or animation; pre-recorded vinyl records, audio tapes, audio-video tapes, audio video cassettes, audio video discs, and digital versatile discs featuring music, comedy, drama, action, adventure, and/or animation; stereo headphones; batteries; cordless telephones; hand-held calculators; audio cassette and CD players; CD ROM games; hand-held karaoke players, telephone and/or radio pagers; short motion picture film cassettes featuring comedy, drama, action, adventure and/or animation to be used with hand-held viewers or projectors; video cassette recorders and players, compact disc players, digital audio tape recorders and players, electronic diaries; radios; mouse pads; eyeglasses, sunglasses and cases therefore; audio tapes sold together with booklets; computer programs, namely, software linking digitised video and audio media to a global computer information network; game equipment sold as a unit for playing a parlor-type computer game; video and computer game programs; video game cartridges and cassettes; and decorative magnets; Animated cartoons; apparatus for changing record player needles; asbestos clothing for protection against fire; asbestos gloves for protection against accidents; breathing apparatus for underwater swimming; breathing apparatus, except for artificial respiration; bullet-proof vests (Am); bullet-proof waistcoats; bullet-proof waistcoats [vests (Am)]; cabinets for loudspeakers; cases especially made for photographic apparatus and instruments; cases fitted with dissecting instruments [microscopy]; cleaning apparatus for phonograph records; cleaning apparatus for sound recording discs; clothing for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire; clothing for protection against fire; computer keyboards; computer operating programs recorded; computer operating programs, recorded; computer peripheral devices; computer programmes [programs], recorded; computer software [recorded]; containers for contact lenses; containers for microscope slides; divers’ apparatus; divers’ masks; diving suits; earplugs for divers; eyeglass cases; eyeglass chains; eyeglass cords; eyeglass frames; filters for respiratory masks; fire beaters; fire blankets; fire boats; fire engines; fire hose nozzles; floats for bathing and swimming; furniture especially made for laboratories; garments for protection against fire; gloves for divers; gloves for protection against accidents; gloves for protection against X-rays for industrial purposes; holders for electric coils; interfaces [for computers]; juke boxes [for computers]; knee-pads for workers; magnets; masts for wireless aerials; micrometer screws for optical instruments; monitors [computer programs]; motor fire engines; nets for protection against accidents; oxygen transvasing apparatus; pince-nez cases; pince-nez chains; pince-nez cords; pince-nez mountings; plotters; protection devices against Roentgen rays, not for medical purposes; protection devices against X-rays [Roentgen rays], not for medical purposes; protection devices against X-rays, not for medical purposes; protection devices for personal use against accidents; protective helmets; protective masks; protective suits for aviators; push buttons for bells; railway traffic safety appliances; reflecting discs for wear, for the prevention of traffic accidents; reflecting discs, for wear, for the prevention of traffic accidents; respirators [other than for artificial respiration]; respirators for filtering air; respiratory masks [other than for artificial respiration]; retorts’ stands; road signs, luminous or mechanical; safety nets; safety restraints [other than for vehicle seats and sports equipment]; safety tarpaulins; shoes for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire; signs, luminous; solderers’ helmets; spark-guards; spectacle cases; spectacle frames; stands for photographic apparatus; steering apparatus, automatic, for vehicles; swimming belts; swimming jackets; teeth protectors; tripods for cameras; turnstiles, automatic; vehicle breakdown warning triangles; water wings; workmen’s protective face-shields; computer software, recorded; computer programs [downloadable software] \ \.
- 10Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; artificial limbs, eyes and teeth, orthopedic articles; suture materials; Artificial skin for surgical purposes; babies’ bottles; babies’ pacifiers [teats]; breast pumps; cases fitted for medical instruments; cases fitted for use by surgeons and doctors; condoms; contraceptives, non-chemical; dummies [teats] for babies; ear plugs; esthetic massage apparatus; feeding bottle teats; feeding bottle valves; feeding bottles; hearing protectors; instrument cases for use by surgeons and doctors; surgical implants; teats; teething rings.
- 11Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes; Acetylene flares; acetylene generators; air valves for steam heating installations; anti-dazzle devices for automobiles [lamp fittings]; anti-dazzle devices for automobiles [lamp-fittings]; anti-dazzle devices for vehicles [lamp fittings]; anti-glare devices for vehicles [lamp fittings]; anti-splash tap nozzles; aquarium filtration apparatus; ash conveyor installations, automatic; ash pits for furnaces; atomic piles; bath fittings; boiler pipes [tubes] for heating installations; brackets for gas burners; carbon for arc lamps; chimney blowers; chimney flues; chromatography apparatus [for industrial purposes]; coils [parts of distilling, heating or cooling installations]; dampers [heating]; distillation apparatus; distillation columns; expansion tanks for central heating installations; faucets for pipes (Am); feeding apparatus for heating boilers; filters [parts of household or industrial installations]; filters for air conditioning; filters for drinking water; fire bars; fittings, shaped, for furnaces; fittings, shaped, for ovens; flare stacks for use in oil refineries; flare stacks for use in the oil industry; flues for heating boilers; fountains; framework of metal for ovens; friction lighters for igniting gas; fuel economisers; fuel economizers; furnace ash boxes; furnace grates; gas condensers [other than parts of machines]; gas generators [installations]; gas lighters; gas scrubbers [parts of gas installations]; gas scrubbing apparatus; globes for lamps; guard devices for lighting; hangings for lamps; hot air bath fittings; humidifiers for central heating radiators; installations for processing nuclear fuel and nuclear moderating material; kiln furniture [supports]; lamp casings; lamp chimneys; lamp glasses; lamp globes; lamp hanging supports; lamp mantles; lamp reflectors; lamp shades; lampshade holders; level controlling valves in tanks; light diffusers; lighters; loading apparatus for furnaces; mixer taps for water pipes; nuclear reactors; oil-scrubbing apparatus; ornamental fountains; oven fittings made of fireclay; pipe line cocks [spigots]; pipes [parts of sanitary installations]; polymerisation installations; processing installations for fuel and nuclear moderating material; purification installations for sewage; radiator caps; refining towers for distillation; regulating accessories for water or gas apparatus and pipes; regulating and safety accessories for gas apparatus; regulating and safety accessories for gas pipes; regulating and safety accessories for water apparatus; safety accessories for water or gas apparatus and pipes; scrubbers [parts of gas installations]; shaped fittings for furnaces; shaped fittings for ovens; sockets for electric lights; soldering lamps; structural plates for ovens; tanning apparatus [sun beds]; taps [cocks, spigots] [faucets (Am)] for pipes; taps [faucets]; thermostatic valves [parts of heating installations]; toilet seats; ultraviolet ray lamps, not for medical purposes; washers for water taps; water-pipes for sanitary installations.
- 12Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water; Adhesive rubber patches for repairing inner tubes; air bags [safety devices for automobiles]; air pumps [vehicle accessories]; anti-dazzle devices for vehicles; anti-glare devices for vehicles; anti-skid chains; anti-theft alarms for vehicles; anti-theft devices for vehicles; audible warning systems for cycles; automobile bodies; automobile chains; automobile chassis; automobile hoods; automobile tires [tyres]; axle journals; axles for vehicles; baby carriages; balance weights for vehicle wheels; bands for wheel hubs; baskets adapted for cycles; bells for bicycles, cycles; bicycle bells; bicycle brakes; bicycle chains; bicycle frames; bicycle handle bars; bicycle pumps; bicycle rims; bicycle saddles; bicycle spokes; bicycle stands; bicycle tires [tyres]; boat hooks; bodies for vehicles; bogies for railway cars; brake linings for vehicles; brake segments for vehicles; brake shoes for vehicles; brakes for bicycles, cycles; brakes for vehicles; buffers for railway rolling stock; bumpers for automobiles; caps for vehicle petrol [gas] tanks; casings for pneumatic tires [tyres]; casters for trolleys [vehicles] [carts (Am)]; chains for bicycles, cycles; cleaning trolleys; cleats [nautical]; clutches for land vehicles; connecting rods for land vehicles, other than parts of motors and engines; couplings for land vehicles; covers for baby carriages; crankcases for land vehicle components [other than for engines]; cranks for cycles; cycle bells; cycle brakes; cycle chains; cycle frames; cycle handle bars; cycle hubs; cycle mudguards; cycle pumps; cycle rims; cycle saddles; cycle spokes; cycle stands; cycle tires [tyres]; davits for boats; direction indicators for bicycles, cycles, etc; direction signals for vehicles; disengaging gear for boats; doors for vehicles; dress guards for bicycles, cycles; driving chains for land vehicles; driving motors for land vehicles; ejector seats [for aircraft]; elevating-, Power tailgates (Am) [parts of land vehicles]; elevating tailgates (Am) [parts of land vehicles]; engines for land vehicles; fenders for ships; fitted perambulator covers; flanges for railway wheel tires [tyres]; flanges of railway wheel tires; flanges of railway wheel tires [tyres]; flanges of railway wheel tyres; frames for bicycles, cycles; freewheels for land vehicles; funnels for locomotives; funnels for ships; gear boxes for land vehicles; gearing for land vehicles; gears for cycles; hand cars; handle bars for bicycles, cycles; head-rests for vehicle seats; hoods for baby carriages; hoods for vehicle engines; hoods for vehicles; horns for vehicles; hub caps; hubs for vehicle wheels; hydraulic circuits for vehicles; inclined ways for boats; inner tubes for bicycles, cycles; inner tubes for pneumatic tires [tyres]; jet engines for land vehicles; luggage carriers for vehicles; luggage nets for vehicles; luggage trucks; mine cart wheels; motors for cycles; motors for land vehicles; motors, electric, for land vehicles; mudguards; non-skid devices for vehicle tires; non-skid devices for vehicle tires [tyres]; non-skid devices for vehicle tyres; oars; paddles for canoes; panniers adapted for cycles; pedals for cycles; pneumatic tires [tyres]; portholes; power tailgates (Am) [parts of land vehicles]; prams [baby carriages]; propulsion mechanisms for land vehicles; pumps for bicycles, cycles; pushchair covers; pushchair hoods; pushchairs; railway couplings; rearview mirrors; reduction gears for land vehicles; repair outfits for inner tubes; reversing alarms for vehicles; rims for vehicle wheels; rims for wheels of bicycles, cycles; rowlocks; rudders; sack-barrows; saddle covers for bicycles or motorcycles; saddles for bicycles, cycles or motorcycles; safety belts for vehicle seats; safety seats for children [for vehicles]; screw-propellers; screw- propellers for boats; screws [propellers] for ships; sculls; seat covers for vehicles; security harness for vehicle seats; ships’ hulls; ships’ steering gears; shock absorbers for automobiles; shock absorbing springs for vehicles; shopping trolleys [carts (Am)]; ski carriers for cars; sleeping berths for vehicles; spars for ships; spikes for tires [tyres]; spoke clips for wheels; spokes for bicycles, cycles; stands for bicycles, cycles [parts of bicycles, cycles]; steering gears for ships; steering wheels for vehicles; stern oars; stroller covers [pushchairs]; strollers; studs for tires [tyres]; sun-blinds adapted for automobiles; suspension shock absorbers for vehicles; tailboard lifts [parts of land vehicles]; timbers [frames] for ships; tipping apparatus, parts of trucks and waggons; tipping bodies for lorries [trucks]; tires for bicycles, cycles; tires for vehicle wheels; tires, solid, for vehicle wheels; torque converters for land vehicles; torsion bars for vehicles; traction engines; trailer hitches for vehicles; transmission chains for land vehicles; transmission shafts for land vehicles; transmissions, for land vehicles; treads for retreading tires [tyres]; treads for vehicles [roller belts]; treads for vehicles [tractor type]; trolleys; tubeless tires [tyres] for bicycles, cycles; turbines for land vehicles; turn signals for vehicles; two-wheeled trolleys; tyres for bicycles, cycles; tyres for vehicle wheels; tyres, solid, for vehicle wheels; undercarriages for vehicles; upholstery for vehicles; valves for vehicle tires [tyres]; vehicle bumpers; vehicle chassis; vehicle covers [shaped]; vehicle running boards; vehicle seats; vehicle suspension springs; vehicle wheel hubs; vehicle wheel rims; vehicle wheel spokes; vehicle wheel tires [tyres]; vehicle wheels; wheelbarrows; wheels for bicycles, cycles; windows for vehicles; windscreen wipers; windscreens; windshield wipers; windshields.
- 14Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments; Agates; anchors [clock and watch-making]; barrels [clock- and watchmaking]; cases for clock- and watchmaking; cases for watches
This slideshow could not be started. Try refreshing the page or viewing it in another browser.;clock cases; clock hands [clock- and watchmaking]; clockworks; coins; copper tokens; dials [clock and watchmaking]; jet, unwrought or semi-wrought; key rings [trinkets or fobs]; medals; movements for clocks and watches; objects of imitation gold; olivine [gems]; ormolu ware; ornaments of jet; pearls made of ambroid [pressed amber]; pendulums [clock- and watchmaking]; semi-precious stones; spinel [precious stones]; straps for wristwatches; watch bands; watch cases; watch chains; watch crystals; watch glasses; watch springs; watch straps.
- 15Musical instruments; Bass drum sticks; bellows for musical instruments; bow nuts for musical instruments; bows for musical instruments; bridges for musical instruments; cases for musical instruments; catgut for musical instruments; chin rests for violins; conductors’ batons; dampers for musical instruments; drum sticks; drumheads; drumsticks; harp strings; horsehair for bows [for musical instruments]; intensity regulators for mechanical pianos; kettledrum frames; keyboards for musical instruments; keys for musical instruments; mouthpieces for musical instruments; music rolls [piano]; mutes for musical instruments; pedals for musical instruments; pegs for musical instruments; perforated music rolls; piano keyboards; piano keys; piano strings; plectrums; reeds; skins for drums; sticks for bows [for musical instruments]; strings for musical instruments; tuning forks; tuning hammers; turning apparatus for sheet music; valves for musical instruments; wind pipes for organs.
- 16Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic material for packaging (not included in other classes); playing cards; printers’ type; printing blocks; printed matter and paper goods, namely, books featuring characters from animated, action adventure, comedy and/or drama features, comic books, children’s books, magazines featuring characters from animated, action adventure, comedy and/or drama features, colouring books, children’s activity books; writing paper, envelopes, notebooks, diaries, note cards, greeting cards, trading cards; lithographs; pens, pencils, cases therefor, erasers, crayons, markers, coloured pencils, painting sets, chalk and chalkboards; decals, heat transfers; posters; mounted and/or unmounted photographs; book covers, book marks, calendars, gift wrapping paper; paper party favors and paper party decorations, namely, paper napkins, paper doilies, paper place mats, crepe paper, paper hats, invitations, paper table cloths, paper cake decorations; printed transfers for embroidery or fabric appliques; printed patterns for costumes, pyjamas, sweatshirts and t-shirts; paper photo frames; all the aforesaid being printed matter; Adhesive tapes for stationery or household purposes; aquarium hoods; architects’ models; babies’ diaper-pants of paper and cellulose [disposable]; babies’ diapers of paper and cellulose [disposable]; babies’ napkin-pants [diaper-pants] of paper and cellulose [disposable]; babies’ napkin-pants of paper and cellulose [disposable]; babies’ napkins of paper and cellulose [disposable]; bags for microwave cooking; balls for ball-point pens; chaplets; composing frames [printing]; composing sticks; control tokens; engraving plates; galley racks [printing]; garbage bags [of paper or of plastics]; garbage bags of paper or of plastics; graining combs; hand labelling appliances; holders for checkbooks [cheque books]; house painters’ rollers; indoor aquaria; indoor terrariums [vivariums]; marking chalk; packaging material made of starches; passport holders; photograph stands; printers’ blankets, not of textile; printers’ reglets; rosaries; self-adhesive tapes for stationery or household purposes; sheets of reclaimed cellulose for wrapping; steatite [tailor’s chalk]; tailors’ chalk; tanks [indoor aquaria]; trays for sorting and counting money; vignetting apparatus; wristbands for the retention of writing instruments.
- 17Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, non-metallic; Acrylic resins [semi-finished products]; artificial resins [semi-finished products]; brake lining materials, partly processed; carbon fibers [fibres], other than for textile use; cellulose acetate [semi-processed]; cellulose acetate, semi-processed; chemical compositions for repairing leaks; clutch linings; compositions to prevent the radiation of heat; compressed air pipe fittings, not of metal; cylinder jointings; floating anti-pollution barriers; horseshoes, not of metal; junctions for pipes, not of metal; junctions, not of metal, for pipes; non-conducting materials for retaining heat; plastic sheeting for agricultural purposes; plastic substances, semi-processed; reinforcing materials, not of metal for pipes; reinforcing materials, not of metal, for pipes; synthetic resins [semi-finished products]; valves of india-rubber or vulcanized fiber [fibre]; vulcanized fiber; vulcanized fiber [fibre]; vulcanized fibre; washers of rubber or vulcanized fiber [fibre].
- 18Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery; Attaché cases; backpacks; bandoliers; beach bags; briefcases; card cases [notecases]; chain mesh purses, not of precious metal; collars for animals; covers for animals; dog collars; frames for umbrellas or parasols; game bags [hunting accessory]; gold beaters’ skin; goldbeaters’ skin; gut for making sausages; handbag frames; handbags; haversacks; horse blankets; knee-pads for horses; music cases; muzzles; net bags for shopping; nose bags [feed bags]; pocket wallets; purses; purses, not of precious metal; rucksacks; school bags; school satchels; shopping bags; sling bags for carrying infants; straps for skates; straps for soldiers’ equipment; suitcase handles; umbrella covers; umbrella handles; umbrella or parasol ribs; umbrella rings; umbrella sticks; vanity cases [not fitted]; walking cane handles; walking stick handles; walking stick seats; wheeled shopping bags.
- 19Building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, non-metallic; Advertisement columns [not of metal]; advertisement columns, not of metal; aquaria [structures]; aquarium gravel; aquarium sand; arbours [structures]; aviaries, not of metal [structures]; beacons, not of metal, non-luminous; bird baths [structures, not of metal]; buildings, not of metal; busts of stone, concrete or marble; cabanas not of metal; caissons for construction work under water; cask wood; chicken-houses, not of metal; chimney shafts, not of metal; cork [compressed]; figurines [statuettes] of stone, concrete or marble; fireclay; foundry maids [moulds], not of metal; grog [fired refractory material]; huts; letter boxes of masonry; memorial plaques, not of metal; non-luminous and non-mechanical signs, not of metal; pigsties; road marking sheets and strips of synthetic material; scaffolding, not of metal; signalling panels, non-luminous and non-mechanical, not of metal; signs, non-luminous and non-mechanical, not of metal, for roads; silos, not of metal; stables; statues of stone, concrete or marble; statuettes of stone, concrete or marble; stave wood; tanks of masonry; wood for making household utensils; works of art of stone, concrete or marble; works of stonemasonry.
- 20Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics; Air cushions, not for medical purposes; air mattresses, not for medical purposes; air pillows, not for medical purposes; animal claws; animal hooves; animal horns; artificial honeycombs; bamboo; bead curtains for decoration; bed casters, not of metal; bedding [except linen]; bins, not of metal; bolsters; bottle caps, not of metal; bottle closures, not of metal; busts of wood, wax, plaster or plastic; cabinet work; clothes hooks, not of metal; coat hangers; coathooks, not of metal; coffins; comb foundations for beehives; comb foundations for beehives; coral; corozo; covers for clothing [wardrobe]; costume stands; curtain holders, not of textile material; curtain hooks; curtain rails; curtain rings; curtain rods; curtain rollers; curtain tie-backs; cushions; dog kennels; door fittings, not of metal; doors for furniture; dressmakers’ dummies; fans for personal use [non-electric]; figurines [statuettes] of wood, wax, plaster or plastic; fire screens [domestic]; fireguards; fishing baskets; floating containers, not of metal; flower-pot pedestals; foundations for beehives; funerary urns; furniture casters, not of metal; furniture fittings, not of metal; garment covers [storage]; honeycombs; hooks, not of metal, for clothes rails; horn, unworked or semi-worked; house numbers, not of metal, non-luminous; infant walkers; inflatable publicity objects; ivory, unworked or semi-worked; kennels for household pets; knife handles, not of metal; mannequins; mats, removable, for sinks; meerschaum; mobiles [decoration]; moldings [mouldings] for picture frames; moldings for picture frames; mooring buoys not of metal; mooring buoys, not of metal; mother-of-pearl [unworked or semi-worked]; mouldings for picture frames; nesting boxes; nesting boxes for household pets; nesting boxes for household pets; oyster shells; picture frame brackets; picture rods [frames]; pillows; plaited straw [except matting]; rattan; reeds [plaiting material]; removable mats or covers for sinks; saw horses; sealing caps, not of metal; shells; slatted indoor blinds; sleeping bags for camping; spring mattresses; stag antlers; stair rods; statues of wood, wax, plaster or plastic; statuettes of wood, wax, plaster or plastic; stoppers for bottles, not of glass, metal or rubber; stoppers, not of metal; straw edgings; straw plaits; stuffed animals; stuffed birds; table tops; tailors’ dummies; tool handles not of metal; tool handles, not of metal; tortoiseshell; tortoiseshell imitation; vice benches not of metal; vice benches, not of metal; wax figures; waxcomb for beehives; whalebone, unworked or semi-worked; wind chimes [decoration]; works of art of wood, wax, plaster or plastic; works of art, of wood, wax, plaster or plastic; yellow amber.
- 21Household or kitchen utensils and containers (not of precious metal or coated therewith); combs and sponges; brushes (except paint brushes); brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; un-worked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes; Appliances for removing make-up [non-electric]; bird baths; birdcages; cages for household pets; cosmetic utensils; deodorising apparatus for personal use; feeding troughs; feeding troughs for animals; floss for dental purposes; fly catchers [traps or whisks]; fly swatters; gardening gloves; indoor terrariums [plant cultivation]; insect traps; litter boxes [trays] for pets; litter trays [for pets]; mangers for animals; mangers for livestock; menu card holders; mouse traps; nest eggs [artificial]; nozzles for sprinkler hose; nozzles for watering cans; poultry rings; powder compacts, not of precious metal; powder puffs; rat traps; rings for birds; roses for watering cans; sacred vessels, not of precious metal; sprinklers; sprinklers for watering flowers and plants; sprinkling devices; syringes for watering flowers and plants; troughs for livestock; watering cans; watering devices.
- 24Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers; Banners; bunting; coverings of plastic for furniture; curtains of textile or plastic; flags [not of paper]; furniture coverings of plastic; plastic material [substitute for fabrics] \ \.
- 25Clothing, footwear, headgear; clothing for men, women and children, namely, shirts, t-shirts, sweatshirts, jogging suits, trousers, pants, shorts, tank tops, rainwear, cloth bibs, skirts, blouses; dresses, suspenders, sweaters, jackets, coats, raincoats, snow suits, ties, robes, hats, caps, sun-visors, belts, scarves, sleepwear, pyjamas, lingerie, underwear, boots, shoes, sneakers, sandals, booties, slipper socks, swimwear and masquerade and Halloween costumes and masks sold in connection therewith; Babies’ diapers of textile; babies’ napkins of textile; boot uppers; cap peaks; dress shields; fittings of metal for shoes and boots; footwear uppers; hat frames [skeletons]; heel pieces for stockings; heelpieces for boots; heelpieces for boots and shoes; heelpieces for shoes; heelpieces for stockings; heels; inner soles; iron fittings for boots; iron fittings for shoes; non-slipping devices for boots; non-slipping devices for boots and shoes; non-slipping devices for shoes; pockets for clothing; ready-made linings [parts of clothing]; shirt fronts; shirt yokes; soles for footwear; studs for football boots [shoes]; tips for footwear; visors [hatmaking]; welts for boots; welts for boots and shoes; welts for shoes \ \.
- 26Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers; Artificial fruit; badges for wear, not of precious metal; barrettes [hair-slides]; belt clasp; belt clasps; birds’ feathers [clothing accessories]; blouse fasteners; bodkins; boxes, not of precious metal, for needles; brassards; brooches [clothing accessories]; buckles [clothing accessories]; collar supports; competitors’ numbers; corset busks; darning lasts; dress body fasteners; dress fastenings; expanding bands for holding sleeves; false beards; false hair; false moustaches; fastenings for braces; fastenings for clothing; fastenings for suspenders; feathers [clothing accessories]; haberdashery, except thread; hair bands; hair coloring caps; hair colouring caps; hair curlers [other than hand implements], non-electric; hair curling pins; hair grips [slides]; hair nets; hair ornaments; hair pins; hat ornaments [not of precious metal]; heat adhesive patches for decoration of textile articles [haberdashery]; heat adhesive patches for repairing textile articles; letters for marking linen; mica spangles; monogram tabs for marking linen; needle cases, not of precious metal; needle cushions; numerals for marking linen; numerals or letters for marking linen; ostrich feathers [clothing accessories]; pin cushions; plaited hair; reins for guiding children; sewing boxes; sewing thimbles; shoe buckles; shoe fasteners; shoe laces; shoe ornaments [not of precious metal]; shoulder pads for clothing; shuttles for making fishing nets; slide fasteners [zippers]; slide locks for bags; slides [hair grips]; spangles for clothing; tea cosies; top-knots [pompoms]; toupees; tresses of hair; whalebones for corsets; wigs; woollen laces; zip fasteners.
- 27Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile); Artificial turf; wallpaper.
- 28Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees; toys and sporting goods, including games and playthings, namely, action figures and accessories therefor; plush toys; balloons; bathtub toys; ride-on toys; equipment sold as a unit for playing card games; toy vehicles; dolls; flying discs; electronic hand-held game unit; game equipment sold as a unit for playing a board game, a card game, a manipulative game, a parlor game, a parlor-type computer game, an action type target game; stand alone video output game machines; jigsaw and manipulative puzzles; paper face masks; skateboards; ice skates; water squirting toys; balls, namely, playground balls, soccer balls, baseballs, basketballs; baseball gloves; swimming floats for recreational use; kickboard flotation devices for recreational use; surfboards; swim boards for recreational use; swim fins; toy zip guns; toy bakeware and toy cookware; toy banks; and Christmas tree ornaments; Artificial fishing bait; billiard cue tips; billiard markers; billiard table cushions; bite indicators [fishing tackle]; bite sensors [fishing tackle]; bladders of balls for games; chalk for billiard cues; Christmas tree stands; Christmas trees of synthetic material; cricket bags; edges of skis; fairground ride apparatus; fish hooks; floats for fishing; golf bags, with or without wheels; gut for fishing; gut for rackets; guts for rackets; kite reels; lines for fishing; novelties for parties, dances [party favors, favours]; protective paddings [parts of sports suits]; reels for fishing; rollers for stationary exercise bicycles; scrapers for skis; seal skins [coverings for skis]; ski bindings; sole coverings for skis; strings for rackets; wax for skis.
- 29Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams; fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats; peanut butter; Albumen for food; alginates for food; almonds, ground; bouillon; bouillon concentrates; broth; broth concentrates; casein for food; croquettes; edible birds’ nests; fatty substances for the manufacture of edible fats; gelatine for food; isinglass for food; mushrooms, preserved; nuts, prepared; peanuts, processed; pectin for food; pollen prepared as foodstuff; preparations for making bouillon; preparations for making soup; protein for human consumption; rennet; silkworm chrysalis, for human consumption; soups; truffles, preserved; weed extracts for food.
- 30Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice; cookies, bases for making milkshakes, breakfast cereal, bubble gum, cake decorations made of candy, chewing gum, frozen confections, crackers, frozen yogurt, ice cream, pretzels, confectionery chips, malt for food; soybean malt; malt biscuits; sugar confectionery; edible decorations for cake; rice cakes; pastilles; pastries; biscuits and bread; coffee beverages with milk; cocoa beverages with milk, chocolate-based beverages, coffee and table-based beverages, cocoa and cocoa-based beverages; tea, namely, gingseng tea, black tea, oolong tea, barley and barley-leaf tea; meat tenderisers for household purposes; binding agents for ice-cream; Aromatic preparations for food; bee glue [propolis] for human consumption; binding agents for edible ices; binding agents for ice cream; binding agents for ice cream [edible ices]; capers; essences for foodstuffs [except etheric essences and essential oils]; flavorings [flavourings], other than essential oils, for beverages; flavorings [flavourings], other than essential oils, for cakes; flavorings, other than essential oils; flavorings, other than essential oils, for beverages; flavorings, other than essential oils, for cakes; flavourings, other than essential oils; flavourings, other than essential oils, for beverages; flavourings, other than essential oils, for cakes; glucose for food; gluten for food; malt extract for food; maltose; meat tenderizers, for household purposes; mint for confectionery; natural sweeteners; powder for edible ices; powders for ice cream; preparations for stiffening whipped cream; propolis [bee glue] for human consumption; puddings; royal jelly for human consumption [not for medical purposes]; sandwiches; sausage binding materials; sea water [for cooking]; starch for food; starch products for food; sushi; thickening agents for cooking foodstuffs.
- 31Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt; Additives to fodder, not for medical purposes; animal fattening preparations; lime for animal forage; litter peat; livestock fattening preparations; mash for fattening livestock; products for animal litter; protein for animal consumption; residue in a still after distillation; straw litter.
- 32Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.
- 33Alcoholic beverages (except beers); Alcoholic essences; alcoholic extracts; fruit extracts [alcoholic].
- 34Tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches; Cigarettes; cigarettes containing tobacco substitutes, not for medical purposes; cigarillos; cigars; herbs for smoking; snuff; snuff boxes, not of precious metal.
- 35Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions; advertising and promotion services and information services relating thereto; compilation of advertisements for use as web pages; Auctioneering; business investigations; business research; commercial information agencies; economic forecasting; evaluation of standing timber; evaluation of wool; grading of wool; import-export agencies; location of freight cars by computer; location of freight-cars by computer; marketing research; marketing studies; modelling for advertising or sales promotion; office machines and equipment rental*; opinion polling; organization of exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes; organization of trade fairs for commercial or advertising purposes; organization of trade fairs for commercial or advertising purposes; public relations; publicity material rental; rental of advertising space; rental of photocopying machines; shop window dressing; statistical information; valuation of standing timber; personnel recruitment.
- 36Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs; Charitable fund raising; deposits of valuables; financial consultancy; financial information; financial sponsorship; insurance consultancy; insurance information; organization of collections; safe deposit services.
- 38Telecommunication; electronic mail services; providing user access to a global computer network; Information about telecommunication; rental of facsimile apparatus; rental of message sending apparatus; rental of modems; rental of telecommunication equipment; rental of telephones.
- 39Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement; Boat rental; car parking; car rental; coach rental; distribution of energy; electricity distribution; escorting of travellers; freight brokerage; freight brokerage [forwarding (Am)]; freight forwarding; frozen-food locker rental; garage rental; horse rental; ice-breaking; operating canal locks; parking place rental; refloating of ships; refrigerator rental; rental of diving bells; rental of diving suits; rental of motor racing cars; rental of storage containers; rental of vehicle roof racks; rental of warehouses; rental of wheelchairs; salvage of ships; salvaging; shipbrokerage; sightseeing [tourism]; storage information; tourist offices [except for hotel reservation]; transport brokerage; transport by pipeline; transportation information; truck rental; underwater salvage; vehicle rental; water distribution; water supplying.
- 41Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities; entertainment services in the nature of a live-action, comedy, drama and/or animated television programmes; production of live-action comedy, drama and/animated television programmes; a live-action, comedy, drama and/or animated motion picture theatrical films; production of live-action, comedy, drama and/or animated motion picture theatrical films; and theatrical performances both animated and live action; education and entertainment services provided via a global computer network; electronic games services provided via a global computer network; providing on-line publications; on-line publication of electronic books and journals; information provided by a global computer network in the field of entertainment relating to music, movies and television series; Booking of seats for shows; education information; entertainment information; modelling for artists; publication of books; publication of texts [other than publicity texts]; publication of texts, other than publicity texts; recreation information; rental of audio equipment; rental of camcorders; rental of lighting apparatus for theatrical sets or television studios; rental of movie projectors and accessories; rental of radio and television sets; rental of show scenery; rental of skin diving equipment; rental of sports equipment [except vehicles]; rental of stage scenery; rental of video cameras; rental of video cassette recorders; timing of sports events.
- 42Providing of food and drink; temporary accommodation; medical, hygienic and beauty care; veterinary and agricultural services; legal services; scientific and industrial research; computer services, computer programming; creating and maintaining web-sites; hosting web sites; hosting the web sites of others.
Some of the Warner Brothers applications for Harry Potter related Trademarks have been refused, or are being held up because Warner Brothers haven’t been able to show they have actually used them.
In terms of say, the theme park, that’s really covered under the Wizarding World brand (more so than Harry Potter), then there’s also the Pottermore brand…
Harry Potter and the Cursed Child Trademarks – Email 3
In terms of a comment from me, I would probably say something like the below quotes (you can take as much as you need). I’ve also attached a special treat for you, the agreement between JK Rowling and Warner Brothers where she assigned the first Harry Potter trademark to them for $10 in June 2000…
Let me know if you need anything else.
“The web of intellectual property rights surrounding the Harry Potter brand is complicated. It includes copyright, trademark, paternity rights, image rights and lots more. There’s almost certainly innumerable licences and contractual agreements governing the use of various aspects of the brand.”
“What is most curious in relation to ‘The Cursed Child’ is that this is one of the only Harry Potter Properties where Warner Brothers don’t appear to have an solid interest. Their US trademark application for ‘Harry Potter The Cursed Child’ has been refused, because of a likelihood of confusion with JK Rowling’s trademark for ‘The Cursed Child’, which she holds personally. In their letter to the USPTO the Warner Brothers’ lawyers made no attempt to suggest that application was with JK Rowling’s knowledge or consent. It would be very interesting to know if she knows or knew about this application. It’s interesting that a parallel application in the UK was granted and wasn’t opposed by Rowling.”
“If Rowling wanted Warner Brothers to have an interest in the Cursed Child, you would have expected that the trademark applications in her name would either have been made jointly with Warner (as is the case with the Wizarding World brand, or that she would have assigned them to Warner Brothers, as she did with the ‘Harry Potter’ trademarks. Rowling first applied for a trademark for ‘Harry Potter’ on 9 September 2008 (just over a week after her first book was released in the US). That trademark was assigned to Warner Brothers, along with her trademark for Hog Warts in June 2000. Warner Brothers now owns hundreds of Harry Potter trademarks from Muggles to Butterbeer, and Quidditch to Ravenclaw…..but not the cursed child”
Harry Potter Trademark Assignment to Warner Brothers